Explore Careers - Job Market Report
Electricians in this unit group lay out, assemble, install, test, troubleshoot and repair electrical wiring, fixtures, control devices and related equipment in buildings and other structures. They are employed by electrical contractors and maintenance departments of buildings and other establishments, or they may be self-employed.
apprentice electrician, construction electrician, construction electrician apprentice, domestic and rural electrician, electrician.
- Read and interpret drawings, circuit diagrams and electrical code specifications to determine wiring layouts for new or existing installations
- Pull wire through conduits and through holes in walls and floors
- Install brackets and hangers to support electrical equipment
- Install, replace and repair lighting fixtures and electrical control and distribution equipment, such as switches, relays and circuit breaker panels
- Splice, join and connect wire to fixtures and components to form circuits
- Test continuity of circuits using test equipment to ensure compatibility and safety of system, following installation, replacement or repair
- Troubleshoot and isolate faults in electrical and electronic systems and remove and replace faulty components
- Connect electrical power to audio and visual communication equipment, signalling devices and heating and cooling systems
- Conduct preventive maintenance programs and keep maintenance records.
Education & Job Requirements for Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System) in Côte-Nord Region
Education and job requirements can vary by region. Workers in regulated occupations require a licence to work legally. Workers in non-regulated occupations do not require a licence, but employers may have other certification requirements.
Employment requirements are prerequisites generally needed to enter an occupation.
- Completion of secondary school is usually required.
- Completion of a four- to five-year apprenticeship program is usually required.
- Trade certification for construction electricians is compulsory in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon, and available, but voluntary, in Manitoba.
- Trade certification for electricians (domestic and rural) is mandatory in Quebec and Ontario, and available, but voluntary, in Newfoundland and Labrador.
- Interprovincial trade certification (Red Seal) is also available to qualified construction electricians.
Regulation by Province/Territory
Some provinces and territories regulate certain professions and trades while others do not. If you have a licence to work in one province, your licence may not be accepted in other provinces or territories. Consult the table below to determine in which province or territory your occupation/trade is regulated.
|Newfoundland and Labrador||
|Prince Edward Island||
Programs in the order in which they are most likely to supply graduates to this occupation (Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System)):
- Electrical and Power Transmission Installers
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/Technicians
- Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering
- Electromechanical and Instrumentation and Maintenance Technologies/Technicians
- Vehicle Maintenance and Repair Technologies
The essential skills profiles can:
- Help determine, based on skill sets, which career may best suit a particular individual.
- Assist job seekers to write a résumé or prepare for a job interview.
- Help employers to create a job posting.
Employers place a strong emphasis on essential skills in the workplace. Essential skills are used in nearly every occupation, and are seen as “building blocks” because people build on them to learn all other skills.
Each profile contains a list of example tasks that illustrate how each of the 9 essential skill is generally performed by the majority of workers in an occupation. The estimated complexity levels for each task, between 1 (basic) and 5 (advanced), may vary based on the requirements of the workplace.
Construction electricians lay out, assemble, install, test, troubleshoot and repair electrical wiring, fixtures, control devices and related equipment in buildings and other structures.
- Read instructions and warnings written on signs, labels and packaging, e.g. read labels on electrical panels to learn about electrical shock hazards. (1)
- Read text entries on forms and technical drawings, e.g. read comments on technical drawings to learn about changes to the placement of light fixtures. (1)
- Read notices and bulletins, e.g. read notices from workers' compensation boards to learn about workplace hazards and incidents. (2)
- Read a variety of instructions and procedures, e.g. read step-by-step instructions for the installation of light fixtures and electric heaters. (2)
- Read safety related information, e.g. read safety rules and regulations governing fall protection and other hazards. (3)
- Read trade journals, brochures and website articles to learn about new products and stay up-to-date on new technology. (3)
- Read a variety of manuals to learn how to lay out, assemble, install, test, troubleshoot and repair electrical installations, such as high voltage systems and power distribution centres. (3)
- Read and interpret electrical codes, standards and regulations, e.g. read codes issued by regulatory committees, associations, safety code councils and municipal and provincial governments to learn how to complete electrical installations and repairs. (4)
- Read labels on product packaging, equipment, drawings and panels to locate specifications, voltages, safety information and identification numbers. (1)
- View meters and digital readouts, e.g. scan electrical readings to determine the operating conditions of electrical apparatuses, such as variable frequency drives. (1)
- Study checklists, e.g. study worksite procedure checklists to locate emergency contact information, voltages and other information about conditions that are unique to individual work sites. (2)
- Complete a variety of forms, e.g. enter data, such as dates, identification numbers, times, specifications and costs, to complete work orders and permits. (3)
- Locate data, such as specifications, classifications and material coefficients, in complex tables, e.g. interpret Canadian Electrical Code specification tables to locate the size of wire needed in relation to the length of runs and the draws of electrical fixtures. (3)
- Study a variety of mechanical and architectural drawings, e.g. study drawings to plan the placement of equipment and the routing of electrical and control wiring. (4)
- Study complex schematic drawings, e.g. study wiring schematics for details about circuits, capacities, flows and the location of electrical fixtures to install, assemble and repair electrical installations. (4)
- Write short comments in log books and journals, e.g. write short comments in journals to record why tasks were not completed. (1)
- Write longer texts in forms, e.g. write details about installations in change orders. (2)
- May write reports to describe events leading up to workplace accidents, e.g. write about injuries and events when completing reports for workers' compensation boards. (2)
- May write detailed descriptions of installation and repair procedures. (3)
- Take a variety of measurements using basic tools, e.g. measure distances between electrical boxes and floors. (1)
- Compare measurements of energy, dimensions, speed, temperature and torque to specifications, e.g. compare electrical readings to standard or required specifications found in operating and installation manuals. (1)
- Compare production statistics to targets to determine adherence to schedules and timelines. (1)
- May calculate expense claims by totaling the costs for meals, accommodation and travel. (2)
- Schedule the completion of tasks by considering project scopes, deadlines, lead times and the availability of labour and parts. (2)
- Calculate electrical requirements, e.g. calculate current flows, resistances and voltages to select transformers and troubleshoot their faults. (2)
- Calculate summary measures, e.g. calculate the average amount of power required for commercial buildings. (2)
- Estimate times and materials required for projects, e.g. consider project scopes and the times and materials needed for similar projects in the past. (2)
- May calculate amounts for estimates and invoices. They multiply hours worked by labour rates and add amounts for parts, materials, supplies and applicable taxes. (3)
- Take precise measurements using specialized measuring instruments, e.g. use calipers to measure the inside and outside diameters of connectors. (3)
- Analyze multiple energy readings to evaluate electrical system functions and troubleshoot faults, e.g. use electrical measurements at several points in the circuit to analyze circuit operation. (3)
- Calculate offsets, e.g. use vectors and trigonometric constants to calculate saddles and angles of non-standard bends. (4)
- Speak to suppliers to learn about products, prices and delivery schedules. (1)
- May use two-way radios to communicate with workers at different worksite locations. (1)
- Exchange information with co-workers and other tradespeople, e.g. talk with co-workers about project requirements and with other tradespeople, such as plumbers, to coordinate activities and schedules. (2)
- Talk to safety and building inspectors about regulations and items that may not be in compliance with code. (2)
- Participate in meetings, e.g. discuss safety issues and procedures during crew meetings. (2)
- Speak with customers to learn about equipment faults, explain procedures, answer questions and address complaints, e.g. explain how electrical permits are obtained. (3)
- Exchange technical repair and troubleshooting information with apprentices, co-workers, colleagues and manufacturers, e.g. discuss electrical fault troubleshooting strategies with apprentices. (3)
- Interact with co-workers regarding critical safety issues, e.g. exchange opinions about the best ways to perform dangerous tasks when completing complex installations. (3)
- Exchange information with engineers, owners, architects, inspectors and other trades to ensure that work can meet scheduling and code requirements. (3)
- Encounter technical drawings with missing specifications and errors. They report the missing specifications and errors to customers and supervisors and complete other tasks until the missing information is acquired and errors are corrected. (1)
- Decide order of tasks and their priorities, e.g. decide which electrical installations to complete first. (1)
- Encounter obstacles to the installation of equipment and the routing of wires and cables. They search for alternative routes and review scale drawings. (2)
- Are unable to meet deadlines due to heavy workloads. They organize job tasks by priority, enlist the help of co-workers and work overtime. (2)
- Choose methods and materials for projects. They consider project specifications, electrical codes, costs and the availability of parts and supplies. (2)
- May set fees for services, such as installations, repairs and inspections. They consider the services to be performed, fees charged by competing electricians and factors, such as market demand and the size of their existing customer base. (2)
- Evaluate the safety of work sites. They observe elements, such as available space to manoeuvre around construction sites, the presence of guardrails and the availability of safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers. They take note of other potential hazards, such as improperly stored tools, broken equipment and confined spaces. (2)
- May evaluate the performance of apprentices. They consider apprentices' abilities to complete electrical installations and diagnose and troubleshoot faults. (2)
- Locate project specifications by referring to technical drawings and the Canadian Electrical Code book and by speaking with customers, other tradespeople and supervisors. (2)
- Refer to brochures and search Internet sites for information about new products or techniques. (2)
- Learn about safe work practices by attending safety meetings and by reading safety manuals and Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) materials. (2)
- Face disruptions of work schedules, timelines and budgets when specifications are changed after projects have already started. They assist in the development of new specifications and perform other work until the projects are restarted. (3)
- May select equipment and suppliers, e.g. decide which brand and type of equipment to use on projects by considering specifications, costs, ease of use and personal preferences. (3)
- Evaluate the quality of their work. They compare measurements and electrical readings to specifications and physically inspect elements, such as wiring, panels and junction boxes. (3)
- Evaluate the performance of electrical installations and systems. They compare data readings to normal ranges and manufacturers' specifications. They evaluate the condition of equipment for signs of defects, such as unusual vibrations, odours and energy readings. (3)
- Plan and organize their workday to complete work assignments. If they have to wire an area, they need to plan where to begin, i.e. either with the wiring first or installing the boxes or plugs. They plan efficient use of resources so they have the necessary materials delivered and available on time to complete the job. This involves making as few trips as possible from the job to the service truck for tools and materials. (3)
- Plan efficient work methods, when tasks are repetitive, such as making a jig to produce multiples quickly. Because larger projects involve other trades, they may have to revise their work plans to integrate them with the work plans of others. (3)
- Learn how to troubleshoot and repair difficult electrical faults by reading manuals, studying electrical schematics, accessing information on web forums and blogs and by speaking with co-workers, other tradespeople, electrical engineers and manufacturers. (3)
- May use calculators and personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks, such as calculating material requirements. (1)
- Use hand-held electronic devices like oscilloscopes and multimeters to locate operational data, such as electrical readings. (1)
- May use word processing software to write letters to customers, prepare job estimates and generate invoices. (2)
- May use spreadsheet software to track inventory and tally costs for job estimates and invoices. (2)
- May use billing and accounting software to produce invoices and estimates and print reports, such as income and expense statements. (2)
- May use communication software to exchange email with customers, suppliers and help desk technicians. (2)
- May use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by training institutions, unions, suppliers, associations and employers. (2)
- Use Internet browsers and search engines to access technical service bulletins, electrical codes, specifications and troubleshooting guides. (2)
- May access online articles posted by suppliers, manufacturers and associations to stay current on industry trends and practices. (2)
- May use the Internet to access and share information on industry related web forums and blogs. (2)
- May install and service heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) control systems. (3)
- May install and service programmable logic controllers (PLCs) to control the speed and output of machinery. (3)
Depending on the situation, construction electricians work with a co-worker or in a team of construction electricians assigned to complete installations in a particular area. Large construction sites involve the services of several other building trades. Conflicting priorities occur; however, all have a stake in working safely and efficiently. Construction electricians work primarily with other construction electricians but may also interact with a wide variety of workers including apprentices, supervisors, owners' representatives, architects, engineers, inspectors and suppliers.Continuous Learning
Because the electrical code is updated regularly, construction electricians are expected to continue to learn and become familiar with changing code requirements. They must also keep up-to-date with changes in technology, such as computer controls or programmable logic controllers (PLCs). Also, fibre optics and data cables are becoming more widely used and trained installers are in demand. Construction electricians enroll in scheduled classes offered by the union, employers, wholesalers, manufacturers or distributors and may also take continuing education classes at their own expense. Some written material is available for self-study.
All essential skills are affected by the introduction of technology in the workplace. Construction electricians' ability to adapt to new technologies is strongly related to their skill levels across the essential skills, including reading, writing, thinking and communication skills. Technologies are transforming the ways in which workers obtain, process and communicate information, and the types of skills needed to perform in their jobs. Construction electricians will increasingly rely on digital skills to install, troubleshoot and repair electrical installations. Workers, who are self-employed, will also increasingly rely on communication, word processing, spreadsheet and accounting software to communicate with customers and track revenues and expenses. Digital technology also provides these workers with tools, such as cellular telephones, which increase opportunities for verbal interaction and can improve workplace safety. For example, workers can access customers, supervisors and medical assistance from their jobsite using their cellular telephones.
Technology in the workplace further affects the complexity of tasks related to the essential skills required for this occupation. Workers need the skills to use increasingly complex software applications. For example, workers may need to install and service heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) control systems, or programmable logic controllers (PLCs) to control the speed and output of machinery. Digital technology can also affect the complexity of numeracy-related tasks. For example, workers can calculate costs, material requirements, conversions, electrical resistance, volumes, rates and offsets using Web-based applications and hand-held devices, such as personal digital assistants (PDAs).
Information for Newcomers
Fact Sheet for Internationally Trained Individuals
Are you an internationally trained individual looking for guidance on foreign credential recognition in your profession in Canada? This occupational fact sheet can help you by providing information on:
- the general requirements to work in your profession
- the steps that you can take to find the most reliable sources of information
Provincial credential assessment services assess academic credentials for a fee. Contact a regulatory body or other organization to determine if you need an assessment before spending money on one that is not required or recognized.
The assessment will tell you how your education compares with educational standards in the province or territory where you are planning to settle can help you in your job search.
- British Columbia - International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES)
- Alberta - International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS)
- Saskatchewan - International Qualifications Assessment Service The Government of Saskatchewan provides this service through an interprovincial agreement with the Government of Alberta.
- Manitoba - Academic Credentials Assessment Service – Manitoba (ACAS)
- Québec - Service des évaluations comparatives d’études (SECE)
- Northwest Territories - International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS). The Government of the Northwest Territories provides this service through an interprovincial agreement with the Government of Alberta.
- Date Modified: