Explore Careers - Job Market Report
This unit group includes workers who cast and finish concrete products, operate machines to extrude, mould, press and bake clay products, and operate machines to form, cut and finish stone products. They are employed by concrete, clay and stone products manufacturing companies.
asbestos shingle presser, brick presser operator, clay press operator, concrete block maker, finisher – concrete, clay and stone products, granite cutter, marble cutter, moulder, clay products, precast concrete moulder, precast concrete slab maker, stone driller, stone planer, stonework moulder.
- Construct clay models and moulds by hand and with hand tools for use in casting concrete products
- Build and repair wooden forms used to mould concrete products
- Position reinforcing rods or wire mesh in moulds and fill moulds with concrete from suspended pouring buckets
- Start vibrating tables to settle concrete, or tamp concrete using electric vibrator
- Remove castings from mould with crane or forklift, and finish surfaces of castings using screed or trowel
- Cut cured concrete pipe sections with saw or chisel, and cement sections together to form odd shaped fittings.
- Set up, adjust and operate single-function machines to mix, drill, grind and cut concrete to specifications in the manufacture of concrete products
- Check products for quality control, repair flaws and perform ongoing machine adjustments and minor maintenance as necessary
- Move products using forklift, crane or hydraulic hoist
- Record manufacturing information such as quantity, size and type of goods produced.
- Set up and operate automatic machines that mix ingredients, extrude tempered clay mixture and cut extruded clay into sections to make products such as bricks, drain tiles and porcelain insulators
- Operate mechanical or hydraulic ram and hot-presses to form pottery and porcelain ware
- Prepare and mix slip and fill moulds with slip to form pottery and porcelain ware such as jugs, cups, sinks and toilet bowls
- Operate kiln to bake clay products to specified hardness.
- Operate blade or wire saws to cut blocks of stone to specified dimensions
- Operate machines to grind and polish surfaces of stone blocks, slabs or other stone products to specific shape or design and to produce smooth finish
- Operate sandblasting equipment to cut inscriptions or decorative designs in stone monuments
- Finish stone products with spray paint and by mounting plaques or installing concrete bases
- Operate stone-dressing lathe to sharpen and dress grindstones that grind logs into pulp
- Operate machine to drill holes in blocks or slabs of stone according to specifications.
Education & Job Requirements for Concrete, Clay and Stone Forming Operators in Abitibi-Témiscamingue Region
Education and job requirements can vary by region. Workers in regulated occupations require a licence to work legally. Workers in non-regulated occupations do not require a licence, but employers may have other certification requirements.
Employment requirements are prerequisites generally needed to enter an occupation.
- Some secondary school education may be required.
- On-the-job training is provided.
- Experience as a helper or labourer in concrete, clay or stone products manufacturing may be required.
- Mould makers in this unit group who construct and repair wooden forms may require some carpentry or woodworking experience.
Regulation by Province/Territory
Some provinces and territories regulate certain professions and trades while others do not. If you have a licence to work in one province, your licence may not be accepted in other provinces or territories. Consult the table below to determine in which province or territory your occupation/trade is regulated.
|Province and Territory||Regulation|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||
|Prince Edward Island||
The essential skills profiles can:
- Help determine, based on skill sets, which career may best suit a particular individual.
- Assist job seekers to write a résumé or prepare for a job interview.
- Help employers to create a job posting.
Employers place a strong emphasis on essential skills in the workplace. Essential skills are used in nearly every occupation, and are seen as “building blocks” because people build on them to learn all other skills.
Each profile contains a list of example tasks that illustrate how each of the 9 essential skill is generally performed by the majority of workers in an occupation. The estimated complexity levels for each task, between 1 (basic) and 5 (advanced), may vary based on the requirements of the workplace.
Concrete, Clay and Stone Forming Operators
This unit group included workers who cast and finish concrete products, operate machines to extrude, mould, press and bake clay products, and operate machines to cut and finish stone products. They are employed by concrete, clay and stone products manufacturing companies.
- Read work orders which describe specifications for particular jobs. (1)
- May read letters from customers, such as letters regarding monument design. (2)
- May read memos from supervisors concerning quality control. (2)
- Read information sheets from suppliers and trade magazines to learn about new products and techniques. (2)
- Read company policies, procedures and safety requirements. (2)
- Read Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) manuals to learn how to handle specific chemicals. (3)
- Read signs, labels or lists.
- Complete forms by marking check boxes, recording numerical information or entering words, phrases, sentences or text of a paragraph or more. The list of specific tasks varies depending on what was reported.
- Read completed forms containing check boxes, numerical entries, phrases, addresses, sentences or text of a paragraph or more. The list of specific tasks varies depending on what was reported.
- Read tables, schedules or other table-like text (e.g., read work shift schedules).
- Obtain specific information from graphs or charts.
- Interpret information on graphs or charts.
- Recognize common angles such as 15, 30, 45 and 90 degrees.
- Draw, sketch or form common shapes such as circles, triangles, spheres, rectangles, squares, etc.
- Interpret scale drawings (e.g. blueprints or maps).
- Take measurements from scale drawings.
- Read schematic drawings (e.g. electrical schematics).
- Make sketches.
- Obtain information from sketches, pictures or icons (e.g., computer toolbars)
- Write notes to themselves or to their supervisors to recall important production details. (1)
- Write in a log to record information such as problems with equipment or shortages of supplies. (1)
- May write a note to a customer to clarify a design. (1)
- May complete change forms to record modifications made to the original work orders. (1)
- Write work orders or contract forms to record design details and quantities of products ordered. (2)
- May prepare price quotes for customers using a price list and an hourly rate and applying taxes. (3)
- May keep track of the number of supplies for a work area, making sure there are enough raw materials each day to complete the jobs scheduled to run on the machine. (1)
- May schedule the length of time which will be required to complete each stage of multi-week projects. (2)
- May measure lengths of rebar to cut for a particular mould using a tape measure. (1)
- May weigh newly produced concrete blocks and compare the results with the specifications outlined on the work order. (1)
- May calculate the amount of aggregate, cement and water needed to fill an order. (2)
- May calculate the number of cubic metres of clay required to fill a mould and the volume of concrete needed to make a base for a stone statue. (2)
- May measure and calculate the area of a monument face, the dimensions of various types of lettering and shapes that are to be fit into that area and the length and radius of the curved lines that are elements of the monument design. (3)
- May calculate the average amount of pipe produced at the station each day. (2)
- May estimate the amount of water there is in a load of sand in order to plan how much more water needs to be added when making cement. (1)
- May estimate the length of time it will take to produce a specified number of panels of pre-cast concrete. (2)
- Communicate with truck drivers about the loads they are delivering. (1)
- Shout instructions to crane operators and labourers some distance away. (1)
- Communicate with co-workers to co-ordinate tasks and to discuss production processes. (1)
- Interact with forepersons to receive work orders and to discuss deliveries of supplies. (1)
- Interact with customers to give them quotes on jobs and to negotiate delivery times. (1)
- Talk to suppliers to get information about new products. (2)
- May find that too much water has been added to a batch. They add amounts of dry material to adjust the consistency. (1)
- May find that a mix appears to be the wrong consistency, even though the computer readout does not indicate a problem. They investigate possible causes, such as water from wet rock causing too great an increase in the water volume in the mix. This kind of problem must be solved because products made with concrete containing too much water can fall apart. (2)
- May have the overhead hoist lose power. They look for causes, such as a blown fuse or too much exposure to concrete spray. They either fix the hoist themselves, call a mechanic or send it back to the construction rental firm. (2)
- May be asked to create a monument on a different type of stone than they have used in the past. They consider how the difference in colour and surface porosity will affect the end result. They look for examples of designs which others have used on this type of stone, and may do some preliminary tests before beginning the job. (3)
- May decide what tools to use to polish a substance such as marble. (1)
- May decide on the priority of the forms to be poured each day. (2)
- May decide when a batch of concrete is ready to be poured, based on its moisture and consistency. (2)
- May decide what supplies to order based on both present and upcoming jobs. (2)
- May decide whether to accept or reject a stone from a supplier which has streaks or a crumbly surface. If a faulty product is accepted, products could chip or erode and may have to be re-made. (2)
Critical Thinking information was not collected for this profile.Job Task Planning and Organizing
Concrete, clay and stone forming operators receive general work orders from foremen or lead hands and then do their own planning of how to carry out the tasks within the scheduled deadlines. Their work follows a routine. They co-ordinate their tasks with crane operators and labourers who are responsible for moving and stowing raw materials and finished products. Interruptions in the rhythm of the work may take place due to the arrival of rush orders. In addition, operators may need to modify their work plan to respond to unanticipated problems, such as breakage of a piece of stone or marble they are working on or breakdown of machinery.Significant Use of Memory
- Remember the volume of concrete required for each type of mould.
- Remember specifications and tolerances of products they make frequently, such as those for concrete pipes of various sizes.
- Memorize the amount of rebar reinforcement needed for different types of products.
- May look at computer screens to get information on a concrete mix in progress. (1)
- Refer to manuals for information on concrete technology. (2)
- May do library research to locate symbols, designs and patterns which customers may want carved on monuments. (3)
- Use other computer applications. For example, they may use a computer-controlled batch plant system to monitor and control the concrete making process. (1)
- They may use a graphics program to design stencils to apply to monument stones. (2)
Working with Others
Concrete, clay and stone forming operators mainly work independently. They may work with a partner to strip forms or move heavy stones. They are part of a team which includes foremen, other operators, crane operators and labourers. Several operators may work on the same product at different times, with one making designs, another sandblasting and yet another finishing and polishing.Continuous Learning
Concrete, clay and stone forming operators continue to learn through on-the-job training and experience and through reading manuals and trade magazines. They may take courses occasionally to learn more about concrete or about forklift operation.
Information for Newcomers
Provincial credential assessment services assess academic credentials for a fee. Contact a regulatory body or other organization to determine if you need an assessment before spending money on one that is not required or recognized.
The assessment will tell you how your education compares with educational standards in the province or territory where you are planning to settle can help you in your job search.
- British Columbia - International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES)
- Alberta - International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS)
- Saskatchewan - International Qualifications Assessment Service The Government of Saskatchewan provides this service through an interprovincial agreement with the Government of Alberta.
- Manitoba - Academic Credentials Assessment Service – Manitoba (ACAS)
- Québec - Service des évaluations comparatives d’études (SECE)
- Northwest Territories - International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS). The Government of the Northwest Territories provides this service through an interprovincial agreement with the Government of Alberta.
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