Explore Careers - Job Market Report
Geologists, geochemists and geophysicists conduct programs of exploration and research to extend knowledge of the structure, composition and processes of the earth, to locate and identify hydrocarbon, mineral and groundwater resources, to plan and implement programs of hydrocarbon and mineral extraction and to assess and mitigate the effects of development and waste disposal projects on the environment. They are employed by petroleum and mining companies, consulting geology, geophysics and engineering firms and by governments and educational institutions or they may be self-employed.
development geologist, environmental geologist, exploration geologist, geochemist, geologist, geophysicist, glaciologist, groundwater geologist, hydrogeologist, hydrologist, mine geologist, mineralogist, oceanographer, paleontologist, petroleum geologist, petrologist, sedimentologist, seismologist, stratigrapher.
- Conduct theoretical and applied research to extend knowledge of surface and subsurface features of the earth, its history and the operation of physical, chemical and biological systems that control its evolution
- Plan, direct and participate in geological, geochemical and geophysical field studies, drilling and geological testing programs
- Plan, direct and participate in seismic, electromagnetic, magnetic, gravimetric, radiometric, radar and other remote sensing programs
- Plan, direct and participate in the analysis of geological, geochemical and geophysical survey data, well logs and other test results, maps, notes and cross sections
- Develop applied software for the analysis and interpretation of data
- Plan, direct and participate in the analysis of core samples, drill cuttings and rock samples to identify chemical, mineral, hydrocarbon and biological composition and to assess depositional environments and geological age
- Assess the size, orientation and composition of mineral ore bodies and hydrocarbon deposits
- Identify deposits of construction materials and determine their characteristics and suitability for use as concrete aggregates, road fill or for other applications
- Assess the movement of ground and surface waters and advise in areas such as waste management, route and site selection and the restoration of contaminated sites
- Recommend the acquisition of lands, exploration and mapping programs and mine development
- Conduct geological and geophysical studies for regional development, site selection and the development of public works projects
- Identify and anticipate natural risks such as slope erosion, landslides, soil instability, subsidence, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
- May supervise and co-ordinate well drilling, completion and work-overs and mining activities.
Geologists may specialize in the following fields: coal geology, environmental geology, geochronology, geomorphology or surficial geology, geotechnics, hydrogeology, marine geology, mineral deposits or mining, mineralogy, paleontology, petroleum geology, petrology, sedimentology, stratigraphy or biostratigraphy, structural geology or tectonics, volcanology or in other fields.
Geochemists may specialize in analytical geochemistry, hydrogeochemistry, mineral or petroleum geochemistry or in other fields.
Geophysicists may specialize in earth physics, oceanography, petroleum or in other fields.
Outlook & Prospects for Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists in Edmundston--Woodstock Region
The future forecast and current conditions for an occupation can vary based on location or due to changes in the economy, technology, or demand for a product or service.
National Outlook – 10-Year Projection (2011-2020)
This section provides labour demand and labour supply projections for this occupation over the 2011-2020 period.
Note: The tables, graphs and middle paragraph shown under this section display updated 2011-2020 projection results. The remaining narrative text (2009-2018 projections) will be updated shortly. We apologize for the inconvenience.
The data in the following table are derived from HRSDC’s Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS). COPS uses a variety of models to produce a detailed 10-year labour market projection per broad skill level and per occupation at the national level, which focuses on the trends of labour supply and labour demand over the next ten years.
This occupation (Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists) is part of a larger occupational group called Physical Science Professionals (NOC 211).
|Occupations in this group||
Physicists and Astronomers (2111)
Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists (2113)
Other Professional Occupations in Physical Sciences (2115)
|Employment (non-student) in 2010||34,995|
|Median Age of workers in 2010||42|
|Average Retirement Age in 2010||61|
Occupation Projection for Canada
Over the 2008-2010 period, this occupation saw very strong employment growth and a large increase in its average hourly wage. In 2010, the average hourly wage was one of the highest among all occupations. The unemployment rate fell to 4.9% in 2010. According to key labour market indicators, the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings in this occupation.
Over the 2011-2020 period, an occupation will be in excess demand (a shortage of workers) if the projected number of job openings is significantly greater than the projected number of job seekers. An occupation will be in excess supply (a surplus of workers) if the projected number of job openings is smaller than the projected number of job seekers. For Physical Science Professionals, over the 2011-2020 period, job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 13,708 and 20,824 job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill the job openings.
Based on projections and considering that there was a shortage of labour in this occupation, it is expected that labour demand and supply will return to a balanced state over the 2011-2020 period. The majority of job openings will result from retirements. The retirement rate will be similar to the rate for all occupations. Similarly, new job openings will be created at the same rate as for all occupations. However, employment growth is anticipated to be much weaker than was seen during the 2001-2010 period because, since the majority of workers in this occupation hold positions in public administration or in the rubber, plastic and chemical products manufacturing industry, the occupation will be affected by the lacklustre growth in these two fields. The rubber, plastic and chemical products industry was deeply affected by the financial crisis and the rise in energy costs. The budget constraints that various levels of government are currently facing will also limit the creation of new positions for physical science professionals. Geologists, geochemists and geophysicists will, however, benefit from growth in the mining sector as a result of the increase in global demand for raw materials. With regard to labour supply, the majority of job seekers will come from the school system. Immigration will also represent a significant share of the job seekers. This is one of the occupations with the highest proportion of immigrants.
This Chart contains data for Projection of Job Openings vs. Job Seekers for Canada. Information is available in the following tables.
|Other Replacement Demand||1,112||8%|
|Projected Job Openings||13,708||100%|
|Projected Job Seekers||20,824||100%|
In which industry or sector do people in this occupation find jobs in Canada?
This table shows the industry and sectors employing the highest number of people in this occupation.
|Industry / Sector||%|
|Mining and oil and gas extraction||44.90|
|Professional, scientific and technical services||40.20|
What percentage of people in this occupation are self-employed?
The graph displays the percentage of people in this occupation who are “self-employed”, according to the 2006 Census, in comparison to the Canadian average across all occupations.
As shown in the graph, according to the 2006 Census, 22% of people in this occupation were self-employed, while the average for all occupations was 12%.
The Labour Force Survey also gives us some information about self-employment. This occupation (Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists) is part of a larger group called Physical Science Professionals (NOC 211). According to the Labour Force Survey (2009), 13% of workers in this group were self-employed, while the average for all occupations was 16%.
What percentage of people in this occupation are members of a union?
This occupation (Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists) is part of a larger group called Physical Science Professionals (NOC 211). According to the Labour Force Survey (2009), the unionization rate for this group was 24%, while the unionization rate for all occupations was 31%.
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