Explore Careers - Job Market Report
School principals plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the activities of teachers and other staff of an elementary or secondary school. They are employed by public and private schools. Administrators of elementary and secondary education plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the academic affairs of a school system. They are employed by school boards.
administrator, board of education, chief superintendent – schools, director of education, correctional institution, director of school for the hearing impaired, district school superintendent, headmaster/mistress, private school, school principal, secondary school principal, superintendent of elementary education, superintendent of secondary schools, superintendent of special education, vice-principal, school.
- Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through department heads or supervisors, the activities of teachers and support staff
- Review programs to ensure conformance to school board or provincial standards and develop programs within limits of authority
- Co-ordinate teaching activities of the institution by making personnel assignments, determining class size and preparing timetables
- Organize and maintain procedures for the keeping of records
- Prepare and administer institution or program budget
- Direct and co-ordinate school maintenance services and the use of school facilities
- May recruit and hire teachers and other staff
- May teach.
- Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through school principals, the academic affairs of a school district
- Evaluate curriculum, teaching methods and community participation in programs for a school district and revise programs as required
- Develop and administer programs for the education and training of students and adults
- Make recommendations concerning the annual operating budget of a school district
- Direct or supervise the recruitment, appointment, training, evaluation and promotion of teaching personnel.
Outlook & Prospects for School Principals and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Education in Edmonton Region
The future forecast and current conditions for an occupation can vary based on location or due to changes in the economy, technology, or demand for a product or service.
National Outlook – 10-Year Projection (2011-2020)
This section provides labour demand and labour supply projections for this occupation over the 2011-2020 period.
Note: The tables, graphs and middle paragraph shown under this section display updated 2011-2020 projection results. The remaining narrative text (2009-2018 projections) will be updated shortly. We apologize for the inconvenience.
The data in the following table are derived from HRSDC’s Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS). COPS uses a variety of models to produce a detailed 10-year labour market projection per broad skill level and per occupation at the national level, which focuses on the trends of labour supply and labour demand over the next ten years.
This occupation (School Principals and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Education) is part of a larger occupational group called Managers in Health, Education, Social and Community Services (NOC 031).
|Occupations in this group||
Managers in Health Care (0311)
Administrators – Post-Secondary Education and Vocational Training (0312)
School Principals and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Education (0313)
Managers in Social, Community and Correctional Services (0314)
|Employment (non-student) in 2010||105,904|
|Median Age of workers in 2010||47|
|Average Retirement Age in 2010||58|
Occupation Projection for Canada
Over the 2008-2010 period, this occupation experienced strong employment growth. The unemployment rate increased slightly, but remained low at 3.3% in 2010. The average hourly wage increased at the same rate as the average for all occupations and is among the highest of all occupations. According to key labour market indicators, the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings in this occupation.
Over the 2011-2020 period, an occupation will be in excess demand (a shortage of workers) if the projected number of job openings is significantly greater than the projected number of job seekers. An occupation will be in excess supply (a surplus of workers) if the projected number of job openings is smaller than the projected number of job seekers. For Managers In Health, Education, Social And Community Services, over the 2011-2020 period, job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 66,981 and 52,247 job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill the job openings.
Given that this occupation showed signs of shortage, projections indicate that the situation will continue and there will be an insufficient number of job seekers to fill the job openings over the 2011-2020 period. Job openings will arise primarily from retirements. Over the projection period, the retirement rate in this occupation will be one of the highest among all the occupations. Workers in this occupation are older than the average and retire earlier than those in other occupations. Moreover, demographic changes will put pressure on the health sector and all health professionals, including managers in the health sector, in which expansion demand will be strong. Furthermore, since education is one of the governments' priorities, the demand for managers in education will remain strong. Given the nature of the occupation, namely that it requires a certain level of experience, the school system and immigration can provide only a limited number of qualified candidates. Most candidates will therefore come from other occupations (particularly from the health sector) where they have already acquired considerable experience. This trend will increase in the coming years, but will not be sufficient to fill all openings.
This Chart contains data for Projection of Job Openings vs. Job Seekers for Canada. Information is available in the following tables.
|Other Replacement Demand||3,921||6%|
|Projected Job Openings||66,981||100%|
|Projected Job Seekers||52,247||100%|
In which industry or sector do people in this occupation find jobs in Canada?
This table shows the industry and sectors employing the highest number of people in this occupation.
|Industry / Sector||%|
What percentage of people in this occupation are self-employed?
The graph displays the percentage of people in this occupation who are “self-employed”, according to the 2006 Census, in comparison to the Canadian average across all occupations.
As shown in the graph, according to the 2006 Census, 2% of people in this occupation were self-employed, while the average for all occupations was 12%.
The data from the Labour Force Survey (2009) regarding self-employment for this group are not sufficiently reliable to be published.
What proportion of men and women work in this occupation?
The graph displays the proportion of men and women in this occupation in comparison to the Canadian average across all occupations.
According to the Labour Force Survey (2009), women represented 59% of workers in this occupation, compared to the average of 48% for all occupations.
What percentage of people in this occupation are members of a union?
This occupation (School Principals and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Education) is part of a larger group called Managers in Health, Education, Social and Community Services (NOC 031). According to the Labour Force Survey (2009), the unionization rate for this group was 29%, while the unionization rate for all occupations was 31%.
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