Employers place a strong emphasis on essential skills in the workplace. Essential skills are used in nearly every occupation, and are seen as ¿building blocks¿ because people build on them to learn all other skills.
Each profile contains a list of example tasks that illustrate how each of the 9 essential skill is generally performed by the majority of workers in an occupation. The estimated complexity levels for each task, between 1 (basic) and 5 (advanced), may vary based on the requirements of the workplace.
Drafting technologists and technicians prepare engineering designs, drawings and related technical information, in multidisciplinary engineering teams or in support of engineers, architects or industrial designers, or they may work independently. They are employed by consulting and construction companies, utility, resource and manufacturing companies, all levels of government and by a wide range of other establishments.
- Discover that key pieces of information required to complete detail drawings are missing. They identify what information is missing, their sources, and determine how best to obtain them. For instance, they may find that information about mating parts is missing and they have to request the details from designers. (2)
- Experience computer, software and peripheral malfunctions which prevent them from carrying out drawing tasks. They try to resolve the malfunctions themselves using information from technical and user manuals but if that fails, they have to contact technical support. Correcting computer malfunctions efficiently enhances their ability to complete work on time. (2)
- Find that clients are not satisfied with drawings or that construction or manufacturing staff require additional information before proceeding. They obtain and apply feedback and meet with the clients or designers. They must incorporate the criticisms to ensure their drawings meet the requests. (2)
- Discover that drafting personnel on their teams have not completed their drawings. They identify the people who have not completed their work, obtain the unfinished work immediately and complete the drawing sets themselves. They may ask their supervisors for support. (2)
- Encounter design problems or contradictions between drawings and specifications. The discrepancies may result in components not fitting precisely or not meeting standards or regulations. They identify the faulty elements, determine whether they can make the needed design adjustments and either make them or relay information about the problems to the designers for resolution or clarification. (3)
- Decide whether design adjustments are within their responsibilities or whether they need to obtain input from their supervisors or the designers. (2)
- Decide the order in which to produce drawings by considering who requires them, which are foundational and at which stage they are normally required. (2)
- May decide which drafting professionals to assign to particular projects or tasks. They consider team members' abilities, skills and workloads. (2)
- Decide which standards or regulations to apply in different situations. (2)
- Decide how much detail to include in drawings. They consider the types of drawings, their users and the information requirements for differing types of construction and manufacturing. (2)
- Decide to present additional design details in tables attached to drawing sets, considering how construction or manufacturing employees will use them and what format will be easy for them to use. (3)
Job Task Planning and Organizing
- Evaluate the suitability of design elements. For example, they evaluate whether door samples suit the vision of the project and meet the appropriate regulations or whether the width of a sidewalk is appropriate given the foot traffic expected. (2)
- Assess the adequacy of preliminary drawings, sketches or data before proceeding with the drafting. They consider all elements, whether they are clear on the project vision and if any key pieces of information are missing. Judging adequacy accurately ensures drawings reflect the designs. (3)
- Evaluate the accuracy, completeness and continuity of their drawings or those created by other drafting professionals on the projects. They consider all aspects of the drawings, such as if the elements work together, the match between fit and function, whether key points are adequately referenced and if the builders or manufacturers have sufficient information to proceed. (3)
Own Job Planning and Organizing
Drafting technologists and technicians' daily routines do not change significantly as they tackle different projects. In workplaces where they are assigned multiple projects at a given time, they may need to determine work priorities among them. In all cases, they must meet project deadlines. In larger offices, they co-ordinate job tasks with other drafting personnel, both within and outside their organizations. They reorganize their schedules to accommodate changing priorities of different projects.
Planning and Organizing for Others
Drafting technologists and technicians may plan and schedule the work of other drafting personnel on their teams. They assign drawing tasks, set timelines and monitor progress. In some companies, they may contribute to organizational and strategic planning.
Significant Use of Memory
- Remember project elements applied in the past that may assist with current projects. For example, they may remember the availability of materials, sizes of piping used, or detail drawings that can be modified rather than created anew.
- Remember commonly used commands, settings and tools in the software they use.
- Remember mathematical formulas used frequently.
- Remember the dimensions of commonly used materials.
- Remember elements of standards or regulations pertaining to the designs they are drawing.
- Find information about products and pricing by looking at product samples and information in the company library, conducting web searches and contacting suppliers. (2)
- Find information about new projects by looking at sketches, scanning data sheets, reviewing preliminary drawings and talking to engineers, architects and industrial designers. (3)
Other Essential Skills:
Working with Others
Drafting technologists and technicians usually work independently but coordinate their work with larger design teams. In some cases, they may manage or lead teams of draftspersons on large and complex projects. They are responsible for ensuring their work meets the designers', engineers' or architects' vision. When leading teams of draftspersons they are also responsible for communicating project expectations and managing the work of their team. (3)
Drafting technologists and technicians must stay up-to-date with technological advances in the industry as most drafting work requires a thorough and efficient use of computer-assisted design programs. They learn about technological advances from daily work activities, training offered by software companies, trade associations and their employers, and through personal reading and study using trade publications, company newsletters, manuals, books, regulations and websites. (2)