How Essential Skills Profiles can help you!
The essential skills profiles can:
- Help determine, based on skill sets, which career may best suit a particular individual.
- Assist job seekers to write a résumé or prepare for a job interview.
- Help employers to create a job posting.
Employers place a strong emphasis on essential skills in the workplace. Essential skills are used in nearly every occupation, and are seen as ¿building blocks¿ because people build on them to learn all other skills.
Each profile contains a list of example tasks that illustrate how each of the 9 essential skill is generally performed by the majority of workers in an occupation. The estimated complexity levels for each task, between 1 (basic) and 5 (advanced), may vary based on the requirements of the workplace.
This profile includes Light Duty Cleaners (NOC 6661), Specialized Cleaners (NOC 6662) and Janitors, Caretakers and Building Superintendents (NOC 6663).
6661 Light Duty Cleaners
Light duty cleaners clean the lobbies, hallways, offices and rooms of hotels, motels, resorts, hospitals, schools, office and other buildings, and private residences. They are employed by hotels, motels, resorts, recreational facilities, hospitals and other institutions, building management companies, cleaning service companies and private individuals.
6662 Specialized Cleaners
Specialized cleaners clean and refurbish building exteriors, carpets, chimneys, industrial equipment, ventilation systems, windows and other surfaces, using specialized equipment and techniques. They are employed by specialized cleaning service companies or they may be self-employed.
6663 Janitors, Caretakers and Building Superintendents
Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents clean and maintain the interior and exterior of commercial, institutional and residential buildings and their surrounding grounds. Building superintendents employed in large establishments are responsible for the operation of the establishment and may also supervise other workers. They are employed by office and apartment building management companies, school boards, hospitals and other institutions, recreational and shopping facilities, and industrial and other establishments.
- Read notes from supervisors to receive work assignments and from co-workers sharing information. (1)
- Read cleaning product labels to understand how to use them. (1)
- Read memos or electronic mail messages to address service complaints. (1)
- May read letters from the fire department about handling combustible wastes. (2)
- Read memos from management explaining various workplace issues, such as changes to the benefits package. (2)
- Read pamphlets to obtain information on, for example, new floor finishing products, paying particular attention to safety-related details. (2)
- May read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) of products being used for the first time to identify protective equipment requirements, potential hazardous reactions and emergency procedures. (3)
- May refer to manuals to learn about equipment, such as dishwashers, or about cleaning procedures, such as how to safely clean up blood. (3)
Light duty cleaners
- Guest room attendants read notes from guests to process special requests, such as a request for extra pillows or towels. (1)
- May read minutes from staff meetings. (2)
- Furnace cleaners read code books on natural gas, propane or plumbing and heating to obtain information on provincial standards when dealing with unfamiliar furnaces or hook ups. (3)
Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents
- Handymen/women read trade journals and magazines to stay abreast of industry news and manufacturers' instructions to assemble or install products, such as ceiling fans and cupboards. (2)
- Building superintendents may read legislative documents governing the landlord-tenant relationship, cross-referencing various subsections as necessary. (3)
- Read Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) labels on products to understand the applicable safety cautions. (2)
- Complete time sheets. (2)
- Use forms to record the completion of assigned tasks. These forms may require the use of check marks (e.g., bathroom cleaning lists), the notation of times and a brief description of the task. (2)
- Refer to assembly drawings for specialized sweeping equipment when removing and emptying canisters. (3)
Light duty cleaners
- Hospital cleaners read lists of discharged patients and their room numbers to identify cleaning priorities. (1)
- Room attendants read maid worksheet tables for information on room occupancy to determine which rooms to clean. (2)
- Septic tank cleaners use scale drawings to determine the location of septic tanks on residential properties. (2)
Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents
- Building superintendents use the yellow pages of the phone book and in-house phone directories to contact suppliers, contractors and tenants. (1)
- Write brief notes to themselves about their supervisor's instructions or notes to co-workers about tasks to be done. (1)
- Leave notes for clients to communicate information about the service provided, including special requests. (1)
- Complete a variety of forms, such as sign-out sheets when removing stock room inventory, logs to record the completion of assigned tasks and invoices to bill for services provided. (1)
- Write lists of supplies and equipment when taking inventory. (1)
- Write inspection reports to describe problems and maintenance requirements for their supervisor's review. (3)
Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents
- Building superintendents complete forms required for leasing, rent collection, entry into apartments and charging cleaning costs to tenants. Accuracy is important because the forms have legal implications and may be contested. (2)
Scheduling, Budgeting & Accounting Math
- May receive payments from customers for services provided and make change. (1)
- May calculate the cost of supplies by multiplying unit prices by quantities and totaling them. (2)
- May total a bill for service and supplies, including calculation of labour charges using an hourly rate and applicable taxes. (3)
Measurement and Calculation Math
- Handymen/women may monitor and reconcile petty cash budgets used to purchase supplies. (1)
- May prepare simple financial summaries when completing cleaning franchise reports about the amount of money collected and owing. (2)
- Building superintendents may get quotes for equipment purchases over $150 and assess best value considering initial cost, equipment life expectancy and estimated service costs. (3)
Data Analysis Math
- Furnace cleaners measure clearances for furnaces and venting. (1)
- Building superintendents perform a number of tests which involve measuring air pressure, temperature and flow to adjust heating system controls. (1)
- Building superintendents check gauges in the furnace room to notify the plumbing/heating company when pressures fall outside acceptable range limits. (1)
- Handymen/women calculate the area of irregularly shaped floors and walls to determine the volume of paint or quantity of carpet needed. (3)
- Guest room attendants estimate the quantity of supplies such as towels, soap or coffee needed. (1)
- Cleaners estimate the correct volume of cleaning fluid which needs to be added to a bucket of water. (1)
- Cleaners estimate the time to complete jobs, such as duct cleaning. Factors to take into consideration include the extent of cleaning, the size of the building, problems encountered the last time and unforeseen factors such as rodents in the duct work. (2)
- Septic tank cleaners estimate the cost of solving technical problems when preparing job quotations for customers. Variables such as the soil conditions and the quantity of sludge in the tank may throw an estimate off resulting in lost time and money. (3)
- Interact with the clients to provide and receive job-related information, assess cleaning situations and discuss costs. Customer service is a high priority and appropriate communication with clients is important. (1)
- Interact with co-workers to co-ordinate work. (1)
- Interact with their supervisors to receive work assignments, discuss priorities and report problems. (1)
- May assign tasks and monitor the work of more junior cleaners under their direction. (2)
- May participate in group discussions during staff or safety meetings. (2)
- Interact with property managers to make recommendations about selecting cleaning products and maintenance supplies. (2)
- Interact with suppliers when ordering paint and cleaning supplies. (1)
- Cleaners may encounter customers who complain about jobs completed. For example, a customer may be dissatisfied with the way a car wash attendant has vacuumed a vehicle. They solve the problem by offering a refund or redoing the job. (1)
- Equipment breakdowns, such as a broken belt on the floor sweeper or a frozen lock on the paper dispenser, are frequent problems faced by custodians. Custodians troubleshoot equipment problems, using mechanical reasoning skills and past experience. (2)
- Janitors may find mold growing in shower rooms. In collaboration with their co-workers, they determine the cause of the mold, considering all potential variables, and then correct the problem. (2)
- Car wash attendants may receive complaints about vehicle damage allegedly caused by the car wash equipment. They explain the equipment design to the customer, often showing them the soft brushes. If the customers are not satisfied, the car wash attendants refer them to their supervisor. (2)
- Cleaners may encounter public pressure to use scent-free products which reduce the likelihood of allergic reaction. In response to complaints, maintenance technicians identify suitable and cost-effective alternative products and monitor their practical effectiveness. (2)
- Cleaners encounter emergency situations, such as leaking pipes or power blackouts, while cleaning office buildings at night. They assess the seriousness of the problem and take actions to minimize the damage before contacting the appropriate authority. (3)
- Cleaners make decisions about personal safety while using toxic cleaning products and supplies. (1)
- Cleaners decide how best to accomplish cleaning tasks in the allocated time. (2)
- Building superintendents have the authority to make decisions about purchasing materials valued up to a certain amount (e.g., $150); purchases over that amount are subject to approval by the property manager. (2)
- Car wash attendants decide when to offer complimentary service to promote customer satisfaction. (2)
- Cleaners select the most appropriate brand and type of floor wax after analyzing several factors, such as the type of floor surface and traffic flow. Stripping and waxing floors is an expensive and time consuming job and cleaners take special effort to avoid having to redo the floors because of poor results. (2)
- Custodians decide what repairs should be done in-house and what work should be contracted out, considering factors such as skill and time requirements. (2)
- Caretakers working among the public (e.g., in shopping centres) decide when to call the police when faced with disorderly individuals. (3)
Critical Thinking information was not collected for this profile.
Job Task Planning and Organizing
Light duty cleaners working in office, hotel or hospital settings often have pre-set tasks that must be accomplished each shift; however, they have considerable leeway to decide how to sequence the tasks to maximize efficiency. Specialized cleaners, such as sandblasters and carpet cleaners, often need to accommodate their clients' schedules in responding to jobs. Job task planning and organizing is done on the spot following an assessment of each situation and is very important to efficiency. Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents establish their work priorities considering variables such as breakdowns, weather, flow of people and tenant demands. They often juggle conflicting demands on their time. (2)
Significant Use of Memory
- Building superintendents memorize key aspects of legislation respecting residential tenancies.
- Building superintendents remember the names of tenants to promote a sense of community.
- Caretakers working in recreational facilities memorize seasonal event schedules for hockey, bingo, etc.
- Cleaners memorize the layout of a building and the task routines developed for new contracts.
- Cleaners consult Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to find out a product's chemical composition and how to use it safely. (1)
- Cleaners may refer to policy and equipment manuals to find out what to do in an emergency or how to use a particular piece of equipment. (2)
- Specialized cleaners may refer to code books such as the building and gas codes to verify conformance to regulatory requirements. (2)
- Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents consult catalogues and speak with vendors to find information about parts and costs. (2)
This occupation does not use computers.
Other Essential Skills:
Working with Others
Light duty cleaners work alone or independently. They may work with a partner. Specialized cleaners work independently and, depending on the nature and size of the job, may work with a helper. Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents work independently, co-ordinating their work with the work and schedules of others (e.g., tenants, contractors).
Cleaners have ongoing learning requirements relating to the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS), the use of cleaning products and equipment and customer service. Some cleaners are required to stay abreast of regulatory requirements, such as building codes. Training may be offered in the workplace. Often, new information is acquired by reading Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), manuals and articles.