Explore Careers - Job Market Report
Landscaping and grounds maintenance contractors and managers plan, organize, direct and control the operations of landscaping, interior plantscaping, lawn care and tree service departments and establishments.
grounds maintenance contractor, grounds maintenance manager, interior plantscaping contractor, landscape service contractor, landscaping contractor, landscaping manager, lawn care manager, lawn maintenance contractor, tree service contractor.
- Plan, organize, direct and control the operations of landscaping, interior plantscaping, lawn care and tree service establishments
- Tender bids on contracts for landscaping and grounds maintenance work
- Plan and estimate the materials and labour requirements for individual contracts
- Organize and direct the planting and maintenance of trees, gardens, lawns, shrubs and hedges and the construction and installation of fences, decks, patios, walkways and retaining walls
- Hire and supervise staff
- Maintain financial and personnel records.
Education & Job Requirements for Landscaping and Grounds Maintenance Contractors and Managers in Newfoundland and Labrador
Education and job requirements can vary by region. Workers in regulated occupations require a licence to work legally. Workers in non-regulated occupations do not require a licence, but employers may have other certification requirements.
Employment requirements are prerequisites generally needed to enter an occupation.
- A college diploma or specialized courses in landscaping and horticulture are usually required.
- Experience as a landscape or horticulture supervisor or as a landscape or horticulture technician is required.
Regulation by Province/Territory
Some provinces and territories regulate certain professions and trades while others do not. If you have a licence to work in one province, your licence may not be accepted in other provinces or territories. Consult the table below to determine in which province or territory your occupation/trade is regulated.
|Province and Territory||Regulation|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||
|Prince Edward Island||
Programs in the order in which they are most likely to supply graduates to this occupation (Landscaping and Grounds Maintenance Contractors and Managers):
- Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Business Services
- Agriculture, General
- Business Operations Support and Assistant Services
- Business Administration, Management and Operations
The essential skills profiles can:
- Help determine, based on skill sets, which career may best suit a particular individual.
- Assist job seekers to write a résumé or prepare for a job interview.
- Help employers to create a job posting.
Employers place a strong emphasis on essential skills in the workplace. Essential skills are used in nearly every occupation, and are seen as “building blocks” because people build on them to learn all other skills.
Each profile contains a list of example tasks that illustrate how each of the 9 essential skill is generally performed by the majority of workers in an occupation. The estimated complexity levels for each task, between 1 (basic) and 5 (advanced), may vary based on the requirements of the workplace.
Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
Contractors and supervisors in landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services plan, organize, direct and control the operations of landscaping, interior plantscaping, lawn care and tree service departments and establishments.
- Read text entries on product labels, e.g. read instructions, warnings, application notes and other text on pesticide and fertilizer labels. (1)
- Read short text entries in administrative and reporting forms, e.g. contractors and supervisors in grounds maintenance may read about clients' lawn care needs in seasonal contract forms. (1)
- Read email and letters from suppliers, subcontractors, colleagues and clients, e.g. read email and faxed letters from clients to learn about work to be done on their properties. (2)
- Read magazines and association newsletters, e.g. read articles in magazines, such as Canadian Gardening and Landscaping & Groundskeeping, to keep current on industry trends and learn about new equipment. (3)
- Read manuals to learn how to operate equipment, e.g. read operating manuals to learn how to set-up and operate riding mowers. (3)
- May read software manuals, e.g. read software manuals to learn how to create 3D drawings of trees, shrubs and landscape features, such as retaining walls. (3)
- Read a variety of landscaping and gardening guides, e.g. read gardening guides to learn about climate zones and the characteristics and care of annuals and perennials. (3)
- Read tenders and requests for proposals, e.g. read tenders to learn about project specifications, financial terms and safety and environmental protection requirements. (4)
- Identify symbols, icons and pictograms, e.g. locate hazard symbols on the packaging of toxic products. (1)
- Locate data on labels, e.g. locate data, such as concentration levels and expiry dates, on the labels of fertilizers, herbicides and fungicides. (1)
- Locate data in lists, tables and schedules, e.g. locate names, plant types, dates, times and sizes in specification tables. (2)
- Locate data in forms, e.g. scan log sheets to locate information about hours worked, tasks performed and problems encountered. (3)
- Complete forms, such as tender applications, contracts, evaluations, invoices and purchase orders, e.g. record numerical information and mark checkboxes on assessment forms to report problem weeds, grasses, soil conditions, insects and diseases. (3)
- Study assembly drawings, e.g. study assembly drawings to understand the placement and orientation of parts in irrigation pumps. (3)
- Interpret complex landscape design drawings, e.g. interpret information-rich 3D renderings of landscape projects to locate fixtures, such as decks, pools and retaining walls and the placement of trees, shrubs and other vegetation. (4)
- Write reminders and short notes, e.g. write short notes to remind workers of unfinished job tasks. (1)
- Write short comments in log books and entry forms, e.g. write brief comments in the recommendations section of lawn assessment forms. (1)
- Write email and letters to suppliers, clients, co-workers and subcontractors, e.g. write email to ask suppliers about products and delivery schedules. (2)
- Write letters of discipline and performance evaluations detailing the actions and performance of workers under their supervision. (3)
- Write comprehensive instructions to describe tasks to be performed, materials, products and equipment to be used, timeframes to be achieved and other requirements. (3)
- May write contracts and proposals outlining work to be completed, timelines, payment schedules and caveats. (4)
- May write advertising copy, e.g. may write promotional materials, such as brochures, to promote their firm's products and services. (4)
- Receive cash, cheque, credit and debit card payments and provide change. (1)
- Measure sizes, distances, angles and volumes using common hand tools, such as tapes, spirit levels and graduated containers. (1)
- Compare a variety of measurements, such as dimensions, slopes, angles and moisture levels, to specifications. (1)
- May adjust daily work schedules to accommodate rush jobs and jobs that take longer than estimated. (2)
- Manage small inventories of landscaping and grounds maintenance tools and supplies. They establish desirable inventory levels and calculate turnover rates. They adjust inventory levels to reflect seasonal needs. (2)
- Calculate performance indicators, such as average sales per client and sales per employee. (2)
- Estimate the amount of material required to carry out projects by considering factors, such as specifications and wastage. (2)
- Calculate and verify invoice and receipt amounts. They multiply numbers of hours worked by hourly rates, add equipment and material costs, calculate applicable taxes and total the amounts. (3)
- Determine the best value among competing tenders for subcontracted work. They perform comparative analyses of data submitted by several contractors and determine which bids offer the best prices and quality. (3)
- May calculate amounts for accounts receivable and payable, bank reconciliations and summaries in general ledgers. (3)
- Take precise measurements using specialized tools, e.g. take precise site measurements using laser distance meters and transits. (3)
- Calculate quantities of materials, e.g. calculate the area of diseased sod that needs to be treated with fungicide, amount of dilute solution needed for the job and the volume of fungicide and water needed to make the solution. (3)
- Collect and analyze operational and financial data, e.g. they analyze financial data to draw conclusions about the profitability of the products and services they provide. (3)
- Estimate times to carry out job tasks, e.g. tree service contractors estimate times needed to remove and relocate trees by considering the size of the trees, the experience and skills of their crew and the likelihood of delays. (3)
- May prepare and verify monthly financial statements and calculate amounts for payroll, utility and tax accounts. (4)
- Prepare and monitor budgets. They forecast monthly expenditures and revenues and provide for possible cost overruns and delays in the receipt of revenues. (4)
- May create and modify schedules, e.g. prepare calendars and crew assignment schedules for grass cutting, flower planting, tree trimming, fertilizing, shrub bed weeding, tilling, edging, raking, mulching and pruning at multiple client sites. (4)
- Lay out designs and calculate dimensions for landscape construction, e.g. determine locations to place shrubs, trees, flowers, fences, decks, patios and other landscape structures using measurements from landscape drawings. (4)
- Talk to suppliers to learn about delivery times and the cost of products. (1)
- Exchange information with labourers, e.g. explain to labourers how to mow lawns and weed flower beds. (2)
- Negotiate prices with suppliers. They negotiate the prices of flowers, trees and shrubs with salespeople and coordinate the delivery of equipment, such as power mowers, with equipment suppliers. (2)
- Exchange information with clients, e.g. speak with clients about the outcomes of lawn and landscape assessments. (2)
- Exchange technical information with co-workers, colleagues and suppliers, e.g. discuss technical specifications for the construction of decks and patios with subcontractors. (3)
- Lead staff meetings and discuss topics, such as project timelines, priorities, schedules, workloads, and health and safety concerns. (3)
- Negotiate agreements, e.g. negotiate settlement terms with vendors and the fees for large projects with clients. (3)
- May present to large groups, e.g. landscaping contractors may deliver presentations about innovative landscape design projects at conferences organized by professional associations. (4)
- Are unable to proceed with landscaping projects due to heavy rains, strong winds and shortages of labour and materials. They advise clients and make schedule changes for their crews. (1)
- Evaluate the performance of equipment, such as mowers, pruners and leaf blowers. (1)
- Are unable to locate local suppliers for materials specified in contracts. They contact more distant suppliers until they locate materials and arrange for the fastest possible deliveries. (2)
- Encounter dissatisfied customers. They speak with the customers about their concerns and attempt to negotiate resolutions by redoing work and offering discounts and refunds, as warranted. (2)
- Decide which workers to hire and how much to pay them. The select workers based on their expertise and set rates of pay according to workers' job responsibilities, experience and productivity. (2)
- Select job tasks and duty assignments for workers. They consider the complexities and physical demands of job tasks and the skill, training and supervision required by workers. (2)
- Select suppliers for landscaping and grounds maintenance materials and equipment. They take into account factors, such as quality, specifications, price and promised delivery dates. (2)
- Evaluate the performance of workers. They consider factors, such as technical skills, safe work practices and their ability to operate equipment and work co-operatively with others. (2)
- Locate information about work projects by reading invitations to tender, speaking with customers, reviewing technical drawings and touring job sites. (2)
- Find information on landscaping and grounds maintenance materials and equipment by speaking with suppliers and colleagues and by reading marketing materials and product specifications. (2)
- Discover that workers are performing substandard work. They meet with the workers to discuss the substandard work and clarify expectations. They issue letters of reprimand and dismissal as required. (3)
- Decide what equipment to purchase and lease and the materials to use. They consider warranties, costs, the type of work they undertake and recommendations from others. (3)
- May choose landscaping and grounds maintenance jobs on which to bid. They consider project scopes, profit margins and their firm's ability to complete the work on time. (3)
- Assess the appropriateness of machines, equipment and software for particular applications. They identify performance criteria, gather and analyze specifications and consider the expert opinions of others. (3)
- Evaluate the appropriateness of materials and products for specific applications. They consider factors, such as the health and condition of trees, shrubs, plants and turf. They review information about ingredients, health hazards, handling, storage, disposal and other characteristics of chemical products in Material Safety Data Sheets. (3)
- Find information about trees, plants and shrubs by reading trade publications, gardening guides and information on suppliers' websites and by speaking with colleagues and horticulturists. (3)
- Plan and organize job tasks to meet the needs of as many clients as possible, optimize sales and enhance profitability. Their ability to work for several clients at the same time and to set and manage priorities is critical to their jobs. Supervisors plan and organize job tasks to ensure the quality and timely delivery of landscaping and grounds maintenance services. Changes in weather conditions, shortages of labour and materials and other unexpected events force them to frequently reorganize job tasks. (4)
- May use text messaging applications to exchange information, such as shift schedules with co-workers. (1)
- May use calculators and personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks, such as calculating material requirements. (1)
- May use global positioning systems (GPS) to verify the geographical coordinates of work sites. (1)
- May use electronic office equipment, such as printers, scanners, fax machines, copiers and postage meters. (1)
- Use word processing software to write letters, performance appraisals and reports. (2)
- May use graphics software to illustrate design concepts to clients. (2)
- May use spreadsheets to create schedules and track costs and revenues. (2)
- May use databases to enter and retrieve customer information and inventory counts. (2)
- May use databases to create client mailing lists. (2)
- May use communications software to exchange email and attachments with customers, suppliers and sub-contractors. (2)
- Use the Internet to access trade publications and supplier websites for information about trees, plants, fertilizers, biological pesticides, irrigation, masonry materials, equipment and suppliers. (2)
- May use the Internet to access web blogs and web forums to seek and offer advice about landscape design and products. (2)
- May use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by trainers, suppliers and associations. (2)
- May use laser levels to establish the grade of slopes and the height of retaining walls. (2)
- Use advanced features of word processing software to create newsletters, marketing materials and presentations. (3)
- May use advanced features of spreadsheet software to create operating budgets. (3)
- May use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software to input inventories, costs and receivables. (3)
- May use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software to generate financial statements, such as sales summaries and income and expense reports. (3)
- May use advanced features of computer-assisted design (CAD) software to prepare landscape drawings. The drawings, which can be rendered in 3D, provide details about the dimensions and locations of fixtures, such as decks and retaining walls and the specific locations of trees and shrubs. (3)
- May use advanced features of project management applications to record activities, assign tasks to workers, schedule activities, balance workloads and print reports. (3)
Contractors and supervisors in landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services coordinate and integrate job tasks with teams of landscaping, horticultural and arboricultural supervisors, technicians, specialists and labourers. They direct, lead, supervise and maintain effective interactions between team members to ensure the quality and timely delivery of landscaping and grounds maintenance services, satisfy clients' needs and enhance profitability.Continuous Learning
Continuous learning is an integral part of the work of contractors and supervisors in landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services. They are expected to stay abreast of industry trends and further their knowledge of botany, zoology, landscape and plantscape design, construction materials, masonry and maintenance products and equipment. On a day-to-day basis, they learn by talking to colleagues and suppliers, touring trade shows, browsing the Internet and reading trade magazines, professional associations' newsletters, manuals and guides. They also attend conferences, training courses and seminars on topics, such as biological pest control and computer-aided design (CAD) and cost estimation.
All essential skills are affected by the introduction of technology in the workplace. The ability of contractors and supervisors in landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services to adapt to new technologies is strongly related to their skill levels across the essential skills, including reading, writing, thinking and communication skills. Technologies are transforming the ways in which workers obtain, process and communicate information, and the types of skills needed to perform in their jobs. For instance, computer-assisted irrigation and landscape design technologies are becoming commonplace in the industry. Landscaping and grounds maintenance contractors and managers require the skills to use this software in order to stay competitive. In addition, since many of these workers are also business owners, they need a broad range of digital skills to use applications, such as spreadsheets, business management software and the Internet.
Technology in the workplace further affects the complexity of tasks related to the essential skills required for this occupation. In particular, workers need the skills to use increasingly complex and specialized applications, such as graphics software and computer-assisted design (CAD) software, to prepare landscape drawings and illustrate design concepts to clients. Furthermore, they may use advanced features of word processing software to create newsletters and marketing materials, and to write performance appraisals and reports.
Information for Newcomers
Provincial credential assessment services assess academic credentials for a fee. Contact a regulatory body or other organization to determine if you need an assessment before spending money on one that is not required or recognized.
The assessment will tell you how your education compares with educational standards in the province or territory where you are planning to settle can help you in your job search.
- British Columbia - International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES)
- Alberta - International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS)
- Saskatchewan - International Qualifications Assessment Service The Government of Saskatchewan provides this service through an interprovincial agreement with the Government of Alberta.
- Manitoba - Academic Credentials Assessment Service – Manitoba (ACAS)
- Québec - Service des évaluations comparatives d’études (SECE)
- Northwest Territories - International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS). The Government of the Northwest Territories provides this service through an interprovincial agreement with the Government of Alberta.
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