Social Insurance Number
One of the first things a newcomer should do after they arrive in Canada is apply for a Definition ofSocial Insurance Number (SIN).
A SIN is a unique nine-digit number issued to only one person in the form of a wallet-sized plastic card.
Social Insurance Numbers that begin with the number “9” are issued to temporary residents who are not Canadian citizens or permanent residents (for example, foreign students and individuals on work visas). These individuals must have employment authorization to work in Canada.
IMPORTANT: You need a SIN card to work in Canada. If your SIN card is ever lost or stolen, you should contact Service Canada immediately. They will help you apply for a new SIN card based on your individual circumstances.
You will also need a SIN to receive government services. For example, the Canada Revenue Agency uses the SIN for Definition ofincome tax purposes.
The Canadian SIN card is often compared to the American Social Security Card.
The fastest way to get your SIN is to submit your application at a local Definition ofService Canada Centre. To find the nearest office, visit Service Canada Web site or call 1 800 O-Canada (1-800-622-6232).
Multi-Language Information: In addition to English and French, Service Canada offers information on select programs and services in several languages.
Permanent Resident Card
The Permanent Resident Card, available through Citizenship and Immigration Canada, is the official proof of your status as a permanent resident in Canada. All permanent residents of Canada need this card to re-enter Canada by airplane, boat, train, or bus.
The American Green Card is often compared to the Canadian permanent resident card.
Health Insurance Card
When you arrive in Canada, you should apply for a Definition ofhealth insurance card. You need a health card to receive health care in your Definition ofprovince or territory. To apply for a health card, contact your province or territory’s health department. You can also read A Newcomer's Introduction to Canada which includes a section about what newcomers should know about health care.
Canada’s 10 provinces and three territories each have their own driver's licence. Learn about how to apply for a driver’s licence in the province or territory where you plan to settle. To do so, you will have to contact the Provincial or Territorial government where you are settling.
Provinces and Territories: